No way of knowing facts on WSP

I am a chemist, and have analyzed WSP's application for both Muncie and Cass County.

If you want to know about WSP’s emissions, you can calculate them or you can measure them.

Calculating it is like your checkbook: what goes in comes out. WSP can’t balance their checkbook because no one knows what will be going into the plant. Let’s look at what’s going in: Electric Arc Furnace Dust (EAFD) + "anything" + coal.

Makeup of EAFD varies widely, even within the same batch, depending on how the steel mills produce it — raw materials, temperature, and operating conditions. It is toxic, containing many heavy metals. It is not analyzed as it is shipped from the mills, and neither INDOT or IDEM track it. WSP will not analyze shipments that arrive. No one has a clue of what will be in WSP’s 319,110 tons per year of EAFD.

We will know even less about the 10% of WSP’s feedstock that can be anything. You read that right — literally anything.

Another part of “what goes in” is coal, with its associated emissions (remember, there is no such thing as “clean coal”). WSP’s application contradicts itself regarding the amount of coal, likely about twice what your old LMU generating plant burned.

Just like your checkbook, if we can’t know what will go in, we can’t calculate what will come out.

What about just measuring what is coming out?

WSP plans no real-time chemical monitors, nor any chemical controls or chemical removal processes of any type. If the plant is built, there will be no accountability. Many people foolishly claim that IDEM or EPA inspect such plants quarterly or several times a year, but they do not.

There are no Preventive Maintenance Plans, nor redundant back-up systems for leaks. Their only “high-tech” monitoring system is ineffective per EPA, and is backed up by an employee looking up at the sky and comparing the color of emissions to a chart, even though many pollutants are invisible.

So, you can see that no one can know what burden Cass County citizens, farmland and waterways are being asked to bear, because that pollution burden cannot be calculated and will certainly never be measured.

James Rybarczyk, associate professor emeritus, analytical/environmental chemistry, Muncie

Senators should support international affairs budget 

People can care about more than one issue that impacts them and the rest of the world. From poverty at home to poverty globally, from racial issues in America to racial issues across the world. We need to learn to care about more than one issue. The U.S. is one of the most powerful nations in the world and needs to do more. Our own plight with poverty here in the United States should not take away from helping others in other nations. People actually benefit when helping those in need, who would have thought, right? Shocking, helping others makes a positive impact in our own lives as much as it does theirs.

Helping others can mean sending $1, or signing petitions, learning more about global issues at The Borgen Project, voting, and calling your Congressional leaders to see the change you want in the world. There is no coincidence with the world’s most dangerous countries being among the poorest.

I am calling on Senators Todd Young and Mike Braun to support funding the International Affairs Budget. An investment in foreign aid and development not only helps with national security but helps fight disease, educating children and providing humanitarian aid. By improving global poverty, it will improve national security challenges the U.S. faces such as terrorism and amount of child soldiers. It is high time those in power do something to stop the spread of poverty.

Alexis Woodruff, Greenfield

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