That’s even more true in the rest of the nation: For the first time, America’s racial and ethnic minorities now make up about half of the under-5 age group.
Overall, Indiana’s population growth from 2010 to 2012 was sluggish. It went from from 6,483,802 to 6,537,334, up by only eight-tenths of a percent. Between 2011 and 2012, the population grew only by three-tenths of a percent – the lowest growth rate since the mid-1980s.
Kinghorn attributes that slow growth to the tough economic times in Indiana and the nation after the 2007 recession hit. “It may be the lingering effect of the Great Recession,” Kinghorn said.
But the growth of minority populations in Indiana continues on an upward trend seen for more than a decade. And that’s significant, Kinghorn said, given Indiana’s aging population.
“It’s very important to Indiana, and to the U.S., as we face a tighter labor market as Baby Boomers head into retirement. Employers would face an even great pinch without the minority populations’ growth.”
Indiana economist Michael Hicks, head of the Center for Business and Economic Research at Ball State University, said local communities should embrace the increasing diversity, especially that driven by immigration, as good for growth: Existing employers will need to fill the jobs vacated by retiring workers, while potential employers will also need workers.
“For communities all around Indiana, immigration acceptance is important.”
Asians are the fastest growing racial or ethnic group in the U.S., now comprising almost 19 million people. That’s true in Indiana as well. Of the state’s 6.5 million people, only 113,196 are Asian. But that number marks an almost 10 percent growth just from 2010.
In that same two-year period, from 2010 to 2012, the percent of blacks in Indiana rose by less than two percent; the percent of Hispanics rose just short of 6 percent; the number of people identified as more than one race rose by just over 7 percent.